In chapter 4, Calvin explains how men have stifled or corrupted the knowledge of God. Although a general knowledge of God is in all men, there are very few who truly cherish it. Though some lose themselves in what Calvin calls, “superstitious observances”, others wickedly rebel so that in many corners of the world, godliness is not to be found. When he speaks of “superstitious observances”, he means that vanity and pride are in men’s hearts when they try to seek after God but only try to imagine him in their own imaginations and by ascending higher than themselves to examine truth. Thus they are fools, or as Paul says in Romans 1:22; “thinking to be wise, they became fools.” Those that say there is no God, are indeed fools, as David says in the Psalms. They are those who “stifle the light of nature, and intentionally stupefy themselves.” They become hardened by sin  and, so as to “wipe” away their guilt, they banish God from their remembrances. They also rob God of his justice and providence by idealizing Him as idly sitting up in the heavens. This is a very common thought in our modern day, once again proving Solomon to be right when he said, “There is nothing new under the sun.” The statement of making God idle and a sort of spectator of history, is completely out of accord with God’s nature as it throws the government of the world into the hands of “chance” and virtually denies the existence of God. Calvin goes on to renounce superstition by reason and Scripture, saying that they have strayed greatly from truth. Thos who disbelieve have a second fault; they believe that when they do think of God, it is against their will. In order to escape God’s wrath and justice, they put on a cloak of self righteousness wherein more sin is found. Yet even as people wish to disguise their actions and say that there is no God, they continually prove that there is one by the way their vanities are brought to the light by Scripture. Thus it is that Calvin continues to make his point that the existence of God is engraven on the human heart.